THE PITOGO ISLAND

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President Carlos P. Garcia, Bohol

is one of the municipalities that compose the Province of Bohol. This 4th class municipality is part of the 2nd Congressional District of the Province along with the other neighboring towns like Ubay, Trinidad and Talibon.

Location

PITOGO as most locals call it is located at northern part of Bohol, just meters away off the mainland Bohol. With an estimated distance of 130 kilometers, it has an approximated three to four hours drive from the capital city. The Camotes Sea bounded the northern part, on the east by the Bohol Strait, on the south Bohol Sea and by Basiad Channel on the west. The municipal center of President Carlos P. Garcia is situated at approximately 10° 7' North, 124° 33' East, in the island of Lapinig. Elevation at these coordinates is estimated at 19.9 meters or 65.3 feet above mean sea level.

Land Profile and Political Subdivisions

The town has a total land area of 6,528 hectares and is subdivided into 23 smaller political units called barangays. These barangays are named alphabetically: Aguining, Basiao, Baud, Bayog, Bogo, Bonbonon, Canmangao, Campamanog, Gaus, Kabangkalan, Lapinig, Lipata, Poblacion, Popoo, Saguise, San Jose (Tawid), Santo Rosario, Tilmobo, Tugas, Tugnao, Villa Milagrosa, Butan and San Vicente. Based on the Philippine National Census on 2015, President Carlos P. Garcia has a total population of 23,356 residents.

Topography and Land Profile

Pres. Carlos P. Garcia is an island municipality and surrounded by other smaller participating islets. Its coasts are sugary sandy with crystal clear waters.Its land profile has level to undulating terrain. There are portion where farmers can till their lands with rice but mostly with coconuts and other fruit-bearing trees.

Summary of Data

Summary Data
Type Municipality
Island group Visayas
Region Central Visayas (Region VII)
Province Bohol
Barangay Count 23
Postal Code 6346
Coastal/LandLocked Coastal
Marine Visayan Sea, Canigao
Water Bodies Channel
Philippine major island(s) Lapinig
Area (2007) 54.82 sq km (21.17 sq mi)
Population (2015) 23,356
Density (2015) 426 / sq km (1,103 / sq mi)
Coordinates 10° 7' North, 124° 33' East (10.1207, 124.5536)
Estimated elevation above sea level 19.9 meters (65.3 feet)

How To Get There

President Carlos P. Garcia can be reached by any private and public vehicles via Jagna from Dao Terminal in Tagbilaran City, near Island City Mall. From the city, it takes 3 to fours hours to arrive in the town of Ubay, Bohol. You have to cross the sea in order to get into your destination. Once in Ubay, go any seaports and look or inquire for any outrigger boats that are bound for Pres. Carlos P. Garcia. The PCPG has many ports and the main transportation around the island are by RORO (LCT Isla de Pitogo), BUS or “habal-habals”.

How President Carlos P. Garcia Came To Being?


Before it became the Municipality of Carlos P. Garcia, several modifications took place. In the early part of the 19th century, the island was called “Lapinig Grande” with only six barrios namely: Pitogo, Aguining, Basiao, Bonbonon, Gaus and Tugas. This island and neighboring islets are still under the jurisdiction of the Municipality of Ubay.

Seeing possible advancements, the Late Congressman Teodoro Galagar of the 3rd Congressional District of the Province of Bohol made the greatest effort to convert Lapinig Grande into a town.

Three of the big barangays of the island: Pitogo, Aguining and Bonbonon rivaled for township. Pitogo was chosen because it has more features of a town with a safe port and nearer to both Ubay and Cebu. Republic Act 5864 was approved on June 21, 1969, making Pitogo the 46th town of the Province with 23 regular mainland and island barangays. Thus how the island is known as “Pitogo” by many.

Eight years after, the Sangguniang Panlalawigan of Bohol passed the Resolution No. 48 on April 28, 1977, requesting the late President, Ferdinand Marcos to issue a decree changing the name Pitogo, Bohol to President Carlos P. Garcia.

One may think that Carlos Polistico Garcia, the fourth President of the Republic of Bohol (and the eight President overall), was born in this lowly place. Actually, as history traces, Carlos was born in Talibon, Bohol, succeeded Ramon Magsaysay as the President after the late Pres. Magsaysay met his death at Mt. Manunggal in a plane crash. He is known for the enunciation of the “Filipino First Policy”, which favored the Filipino businessmen over the foreign ones.

The move to change name was in lined with the national trend of honoring of the country’s heroes and men of remarkable achievements. And definitely, President Carlos P. Garcia is one of them.

On October 27, 1997, Presidential Decree No. 1228 was issued amending the RA No. 5864 from “An Act Creating the Municipality of Pitogo in the Province of Bohol” into changing its former name to its current name.

From now, it is simplified into Carlos P. Garcia Town. Sometimes, it is quite awkward to call the town by the name of the person and it’s a pretty long-term too, so some still used “Pitogo”.Let it not confuse you.